Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that can affect any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus, although it most commonly involves the small intestine and the colon. This condition is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the digestive tract lining.

Key features of Crohn's disease include:

1. **Inflammation:** Crohn's disease is associated with chronic inflammation that can extend through the entire thickness of the bowel wall. This inflammation often leads to the development of ulcers and other structural changes in the affected areas.

2. **Symptoms:** Common symptoms of Crohn's disease include abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue, and reduced appetite. Individuals with Crohn's disease may also experience joint pain, skin rashes, and inflammation in other parts of the body.

3. **Skip Lesions:** Crohn's disease is known for its "skip lesions," where inflamed areas are separated by healthy tissue. This can make it challenging to diagnose and treat.

4. **Complications:** Over time, Crohn's disease can lead to complications such as strictures (narrowing of the intestine), fistulas (abnormal connections between the intestines and other organs), and abscesses. It is also associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer.

The exact cause of Crohn's disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. It often has a relapsing and remitting course, with periods of symptom exacerbation (flare-ups) followed by periods of reduced or no symptoms.

Treatment for Crohn's disease aims to reduce inflammation, manage symptoms, and maintain remission. This may involve medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biologics. In severe cases or when complications arise, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected part of the intestine.

Managing Crohn's disease typically requires close collaboration with a healthcare professional to create an individualized treatment plan, manage symptoms, and monitor for complications. It's a lifelong condition, and effective management can significantly improve the quality of life for those affected.

To get in touch with Dr. Lo of SoCal Digestive Wellness to make an appointment for your treatment options in Arcadia, CA,  give us a call at (818) 659-5887 or drop us a line via our website.

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